Political Science

Article and Commissions – Political Science MCQ Question and Answer

Article and Commissions – Political Science MCQ Question and Answer

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Article and Commissions – Political Science MCQ

  1. Which one of the following Statement about the State Governors is not true ?

(A) He is part of the State Legislature

(B) He can pardon a sentence of death

(C) He does not appoint Judges of the State High Court

(D) He has no Emergency powers

Answer : He can pardon a sentence of death

Solution: According to Article 155 of Indian Constitution, the Governor of state shall be appointed by the President. Article 154(1) says that Governor is the head of State Executive and Governor hold office during pleasure of President (Article 156(1) and hold office for normally 5 years (Article 156(2). Thus all statements are correct.

  1. According to which Article of Constitution of India, the Chief Minister is appointed by the Governor of a State ?

(A) Article 163

(B) Article 164

(C) Article 165

(D) Article 166

Answer : Article 164

Solution: According to Article 164, the Chief Minister shall be appointed by the Governor and the other Ministers shall be appointed by the Governor on the advice of the Chief Minister, and the Ministers shall hold office during the pleasure of the Governor. The Chief Minister and other Ministers are not selected by the Governor.

  1. When the Supreme Court issues a writ to a person or to an institution to perform its duty, it is called

(A) Certiorari

(B) Mandamus

(C) Quo Warranto

(D) Habeas Corpus

Answer : Mandamus

Solution: A writ of Mandamus (which means “we command” in Latin), or sometimes mandate, is the name of one of the prerogative writs in the common law. It is issued by a superior court to compel a lower court or a Government officer to perform mandatory or purely ministerial duties correctly.

  1. Under which Article of the Constitution of India, Taxes are levied by the center but collected and appropriated by the States ?

(A) Article 268

(B) Article 269

(C) Article 270

(D) Article 271

Answer : Article 268

Solution: Article 268 in The Constitution Of India 1949 268. Duties levied by the Union but collected and appropriated by the States (1) Such stamp duties and such duties of excise on medicinal and toilet preparations as are mentioned in the Union List shall be levied by the Govermment of India but shall be collected (a) in the case where such duties are leviable within any Union territory, by the Government of India, and (b) in other cases, by the States within which such duties are respectively leviable (2) The proceeds in any financial year of any such duty leviable within any State shall not form part of the Consolidated Fund of Inda, but shall be assigned to that State

  1. Under Art. 352 of the Constitution of India, an emergency can be declared if security of any part of India is threatened by 
  2. War  
  3. External aggression
  4. Armed rebellion
  5. Internal disturbance

Selected the correct answer from the code given below :

(A) 1 and 2 only

(B) 2, 3 and 4

(C) 1, 2 and 3

(D) 1, 3 and 4

Answer : 1, 2 and 3

Solution: Under Article 352 of the Constitution if the President is satisfied that a grave emergency exists, whereby the

emergency exists, whereby the security la or any part of the Territory thereof is threatened, either, by war, external aggression or armed rebellion, he can declare the National Emergency. The word Internal

disturbance’ has been replaced by ‘Armed rebellion ‘ in 44th44thAmendment (1978) of the Constitution.

  1. Generally, in India Finance Commission is appointed for every five years –

(A) To determine the financial position of the States.

(B) To determine the financial position of Central Government.

(C) To determine the financial resources of Central Government.

(D) To determine the share of the States in the grants and revenues of the Central Government.

Answer : To determine the share of the States in the grants and revenues of the Central Government.

Solution: Article 280 of the Constitution provides for the formation of the Finance Commission after the expiration of every fifth year or at such earlier time as President considers necessary. Its main function is to submit recommendations to the President regarding the allocation of net proceeds of taxes between the Union and the States and the method of distribution among the States. It may be mentioned that the first Finance Commission was set up on November 22, 1951, in the Chairmanship of K.C. Niyogi. The Committee had submitted its recommendations in 1953.

  1. Planning Commission was established by

(A) Issuing ordinance by the President

(B) Making a law by Parliament

(C) A special resolution passed by the Union cabinet

(D) None of the Above

Answer : A special resolution passed by the Union cabinet

Solution: The Planning Commission was a non-Constitutional institution. It is not mentioned in the Constitution. The Commission was formed by a resolution of the Cabinet on March 15, 1950. Prime Minister used to be the Chairman of this Commission. Its main function was to prepare a 5 year plan for the Union and to give suggestions on annual plans of the States. Almost 70 percent grants to the States by Centre were given on the recommendation of the Commission. NITI Aayog has replaced the Planning Commission. It is also an extra-constitutional body. It has been formed by a resolution of the Cabinet on 1 January, 2015.

  1. The Administrative Reforms Commission 1967, which for the first time recommended for the setting up of Lokpal and Lokayukta, was headed by

(A) Morarji Desai

(B) K. Santhanam

(C) Chaudhary Charan Singh

(D) Babu Jagjivan Ram

Answer : Morarji Desai

Solution: The establishment of Lokpal and Lokayukta in India was recommended by the first Administrative Reforms Commission. This Commission was set up on January 5, 1966 in the Chairmanship of Morarji Desai. Later in 1967, K. Hanumanthaiah was appointed as its Chairman. The term of the Commission ended in 1970.

  1. Chief Election Commissioner can be removed from his office by –

(A) Chief Justice of Supreme Court

(B) The President

(C) Provision of the Cabinet

(D) 2/3 majority of the members of both the Houses of the Parliament on the basis of proven misconduct.

Answer : 2/3 majority of the members of both the Houses of the Parliament on the basis of proven misconduct.

Solution: The Chief Election Commissioner may be removed in the same manner which is prescribed for the removal of Judges of the Supreme Court under Article 124 (4). A Judge of the Supreme Court shall not be removed from his office except by an order of the President passed after the resolution by each House of the Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than 2/3 of the members of that House present and voting has been presented to the President in the same session for such removal on the ground of proved misconduct or incapacity

  1. Which of the following parties were formed by Dr. B. R. Ambedkar? 
  2. The Peasants and Workers Party of India 
  3. All India Scheduled Castes Federation
  4. The Independent Labour Party. 

Select the correct answer from the codes given below:

(A) 1 & 2 Only

(B) 2 & 3 Only

(C) 1 & 3 Only

(D) 1, 2 & 3

Answer : 2 & 3 Only

Solution: Dr. Ambedkar founded Samata Sainik Dal, Independent Labour Party (1936), Scheduled Castes Federation (1942) and Depressed Classes Federation (1930). The Peasants and Workers Party of India was founded in 1947 in Maharashtra. It was a Marxist Political party. While the Workers and Peasants Party (PWP) was founded on November 1, 1925 by Kazi Nazrul Islam, Hemant Sarkar, Shamsuddin Hussain and Qutubuddin Ahmad . It was not founded by Dr. Ambedkar. It worked under Indian National Congress during 1925 to 1929.

Political Science MCQ Question and Answer

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Article and Commissions – Political Science MCQ Question and Answer

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Article and Commissions – Political Science Multiple Choice Question and Answer

 Article and Commissions – Political Science Multiple Choice Question and Answer: Article and Commissions – Political Science Multiple Choice Question and Answer – Article and Commissions – Political Science Multiple Choice Question and Answer discussed above.

Article and Commissions – Political Science Quiz

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Article and Commissions – Political Science MCQ Question and Answer

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